Mooncake is a kind of Chinese traditional food eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival, which falls on the fifteen day of the eighth lunar month.
There is a legend about the origin of the special food. During the Yuan dynasty (1280-1368) China was ruled by the Mongolian. Unhappy at submitting to foreign rule, Chinese people planned to hold a rebellion. The leaders of the rebellion, knowing that the Moon Festival was drawing near, ordered the making of special cakes. Backed into each moon cake was a message with the outline of the attack. On the night of the Moon Festival, the rebels successfully attacked and overthrew the government.
As the full moon is a symbol for family reunion, the moon-shaped mooncake also symbolizes family unity and perfection. People sent mooncakes to their relatives and friends as gifts in expression of their best wishes of family reunion.
Mostcakes have characters inscribed on the top and stuffed with a wide variety of fillings, such as eggs, sesame seeds, ground lotus seeds, red bean paste, coconut, etc.