Penglai, having long been known as a fairyland, is one of the three fairy mountains inhabited by immortals. The other two are Yingzhou and Fangzhang, which were frequently visited for wonder herbs by emperors in ancient times.
In Chinese mythology, Penglai was regarded as the base for the Eight Immortals, or the place where they travel to have a banquet. It was said that everything on the mountain were white and the palaces were made from gold & platinum while jewelries grew on trees. It was a place where there was no pain and no winter. Rice bowls and wine glasses would never become empty no matter how much people would eat or drink from them. Magical fruits growing here could heal any disease, grant eternal youth, and even raise the dead.
It is said that Qin Shi Huang (259 BC-210 BC), the first emperor of China, in search of the elixir of life, made several attempts to find the location of the mountain but failed each time. Legend has that Xu Fu, one servant sent to find the island, found Japan instead finally.