Chinese Great Inventions | Ancient Chinese Culture

Archive for category Chinese Great Inventions

Wooden Ox

Wooden ox, also known as wooden ox flowing horse, was a magical transportation device in Chinese history. It was invented by Zhuge Liang, an excellent strategist and statesman in the Three Kingdoms Period (220-280 AD).

The wooden ox was made of wood, resembling the ox and horse. According to history records, it was used to carry supplies like grain to the army which was running low on supplies. Read the rest of this entry »

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Four Great Inventions in Ancient China

The Four Great Inventions in Ancient China refer to the four most important inventions in ancient China, namely Gunpowder, Compass, Paper-making and Movable Type Printing. They have not only had a profound impact on the development of Chinese civilization, but also advanced the development of world civilization.

Compass

The history of compass can date back to the period of Warring States (475BC~221BC). During that time, working people used an instrument called Sinan, the earliest form of compass, to find their way.

Movable Type Printing

Movable Type Printing, invented by Bi Sheng in the 1040s, is a way of printing that allows individual characters to be arranged to form words.

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Four Great Inventions of Ancient China – Papermaking

Papermaking is one of the Four Great Inventions of Ancient China. Its history can date back to the Western Han Dynasty (206BC-23AD) when Cai Lun invented a way to make paper from hemp, fishnet, bark, rags, etc. Paper made in this way was light, thin and durable. In earlier times, paper was made from hemp fibers, so it was quite uneven, thick and coarse.

Due to the lower price of new raw material, paper was much cheaper than before. What’s more, it was much easy to get writing. With this kind of paper, knowledge can be passed widely and quickly to the common people. Read the rest of this entry »

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Four Great Inventions in Ancient China – Gunpowder

Gunpowder is one of the Four Great Inventions in ancient China, along with Compass, Movable Type Printing and Paper Making. Its history can date back to the 8th century Tang dynasty.

However, this great invention was discovered by accident. For centuries, there were a large number of alchemists financed by governments to seek the elixir of immortality. They experimented from time to time and around 850 AD., when they mixed 75 parts saltpeter with 15 parts charcoal and 10 parts sulfur together, the mixture exploded. Therefore, the gunpowder was discovered. Read the rest of this entry »

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Chinese Imperial Examination System

Chinese Imperial Examination System refers to an examination system of selecting the administrative officials for the ancient Chinese bureaucracy. Ancient Chinese who wanted to be an official had to pass multiple of examinations first.

Its history can date back to the period of Sui Dynasty (581~618). During the period of Tang Dynasty (618~907), the system had been further consolidated and perfected. The system came to an end during the period of Qing Dynasty (1636~1911).

Usually, the formal examinations were divided into “Xiangshi” (Provincial Examination), “Huishi” (Metropolitan Examination) and “Dianshi” (the Palace Examination which was tested by the Emperor). Read the rest of this entry »

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